Current Contributors

Hayley Aikman is a postgraduate student in anthropology at Victoria University of Wellington. Her current research for her MA focuses on motherhood, and the way that mothers outside of heterosexuality experience parenting in New Zealand. She is also interested in decolonization and critiques of capitalism, and the way that these relate to gender, sexuality and kinship norms.

Lydia Howard, originally from New Zealand, has a Bachelor of Arts with a major in English literature and a diploma in creative writing. Lydia grew up on a sailboat and spent her childhood writing, drawing and imagining. She has worked in education policy, provided communications for non-profit organizations, dabbled in freelance writing and written and illustrated a children’s book. Lydia lives in Smithers, B.C. and currently spends most of her time chasing after her four-year-old daughter and two-year-old son.

Rick Budhwa is an applied anthropologist who has worked within the realm of Indigenous cultural resources for nearly 25 years. Rick attended the University of Western Ontario where he received his BA in anthropology. Later, he completed a post-baccalaureate diploma in archaeology and master’s degree in anthropology/First Nations studies/archaeology at Simon Fraser University. He currently teaches at Northwest Community College and is the principal Crossroads Cultural Resource Management. Rick has been formally adopted into the Gitdumden Clan of the Wet'suwet'en First Nation in the traditional territories where he lives with his wife and two boys.

George Nicholas is an anthropological archaeologist who has worked closely with and for Secwepemc and other First Nations in British Columbia and Indigenous groups worldwide for the past 30 years. He is Professor and Chair of Archaeology at Simon Fraser University and adjunct professor at Flinders University, Australia. George was the founding director of SFU’s Indigenous Archaeology Program in Kamloops (1991–2005). His work focuses on Indigenous peoples and archaeology, intellectual property, heritage protection, the archaeology and human ecology of wetlands, and archaeological theory and practice, and includes an activist orientation. He was also the director of the Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) project, a seven-year international collaboration organization concerned with the theoretical, ethical and practical implications of commodification, appropriation and other flows of knowledge about heritage.

Sangsun Choi is a visual storyteller whose work focuses on an ethnographic approach to social minorities and vulnerable people. His documentaries and photographs explore not only the value of truth but also an artistic representation of human life. Originally from South Korea, he has made dozens of pieces about child labour, North Korean defectors, war refugees, disabled people and immigrants. Sangsun has presented his work at film festivals worldwide, including Athens International Film and Video Festival, Big Sky Documentary Film Festival, RiverRun International Film Festival, Wisconsin Film Festival, ETHNOCINECA-International Documentary Film Festival Vienna. He is also a winner at the Broadcast Education Association Festival of Media Arts in 2018. Sangsun is currently working as an assistant professor of media production at Malone University in Canton, Ohio.

Ofonime Inyang is a theatre and communication teacher in the University of Uyo, Nigeria. He is a writer, director and essayist with many plays, poems, essays and creative productions to his credit. He is currently the General Secretary of the Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA) and a member of several research and artistic organisations in and outside Nigeria. He is the Chairman of the Departmental Production Committee and coordinates the Play Production Season in the Department of Theatre Arts, University of Uyo.

Sandrina de Finney is an associate professor and graduate advisor in the School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria (Lekwungen and W̱SÁNEĆ nations). Sandrina is a research advisor with the Siem Smun’eem Indigenous Child Welfare Research Network and the research lead for Sisters Rising: Honoring Indigenous Body and Land Sovereignty. In these roles she focuses on recentering land-based, customary caretaking practices for Indigenous families, and advocates for community-based Indigenous praxis in child welfare, foster care, adoptions, and youth and girlhood studies.

Born and raised in Ontario, Amanda Follett Hosgood graduated from Carleton University’s journalism program in 1997 and headed west to Canmore, Alberta where she worked as reporter and assistant editor at the Canmore Leader and Banff Crag & Canyon. In 2006, she moved farther north and west to Smithers, B.C., completing a Master of Arts in Communication Specializing in International and Intercultural Communication through Royal Roads University in Victoria, B.C in 2009. Amanda is the a freelance writer, communications specialist and the editor at Culturally Modified. She lives with her family in the perpetually unfinished straw-bale home they built just outside Smithers.

Past Contributors

Emily McGiffin is a postdoctoral fellow at York University’s Faculty of Environmental Studies. Her work on South African oral poetry has appeared in Green Letters and Third World Thematics and is forthcoming as a book tentatively titled Land, Labour, and Poetry in the Making and Unmaking of Apartheid South Africa. She lives in Hazelton, BC.

Carla Lewis is from the Gitdumden Clan of the Witsuwit'en Nation. She is an anthropologist, photographer and mother to her feisty eight-year-old son.

Melissa Sawatsky is a writer currently living on unceded Witsuwit'en territory in Smithers, BC, where she works at the Bulkley Valley Research Centre and Smithers Public Library, as well as serving on the board of the Bulkley Valley Community Arts Council. She also facilitates creative writing workshops for young writers. Her work has appeared in Room Magazine, Northword, The Maynard, Poetry is Dead, Sad Mag and Rhubarb, among other publications and anthologies. She has an MFA in creative writing from the University of British Columbia.

Michelle Vander Wal is an elementary school teacher in southwestern Ontario. After gaining a BA in North American archaeology, Michelle pursued a Master of Theological Studies in Early Christian History. Finding a teaching job that kept the same hours as her three children led her to complete a B.Ed. as a second career. Michelle enjoys teaching social studies in her classroom and educating a new generation of Canadians to appreciate a wide variety of cultures and ask critical questions about their world.

Landis Wyatt has lived in Liberia since 2007, working for Universal Outreach Foundation, a West Vancouver-based charitable organization. Along with the beekeepers of Liberia she has spent the past six years marvelling over bees.

Erica McCollum finished her doctorate in sociology from UBC last year. She also obtained her MA in Adult Education and Community Development from the University of Toronto where she studied participatory governance in the Toronto Community Housing Corporation. She studies culture, political participation and social psychology and is currently working on publishing articles from her work on culture and political participation. She is also focusing on being a new mom with her six-month-old baby, Taykla. She lives in Smithers, BC, where she loves to get out cross-country skiing and hiking.

Rhory Gillies is a consulting archaeologist who has worked in cultural resource management for the past six years throughout British Columbia and the United Kingdom. He attended Simon Fraser University and graduated from their archaeology program in 2012. Later, he moved to England where he attended the University of York and completed his MA in Landscape Archaeology. He currently lives in the Okanagan, B.C., working as an archaeologist for Ursus Heritage Consulting Ltd. Rhory is passionate about adventure and travel and enjoys experiencing different cultures through their food, music and art, architecture and history. Prior to his studies and throughout his career in archaeology, Rhory has spent many years living and travelling overseas, exploring Europe, North Africa, South America, North America, Southeast Asia and New Zealand.

Moe Kafer recently opened Roadhouse Restaurant in Smithers with her sister after spending 17 years in England working as a food photographer and filmmaker. Her award-winning photography captured not just food, but the people who created it and the places that inspired the flavours; she created beautiful culinary narratives that brought to life the culture of food by illustrating the ingredients and prepared dishes, the settings in which they were inspired and prepared, and the people who cook them: chefs, cooks, food producers, restaurants, hotels, markets or locals. Moe takes a photojournalistic approach to her food photography and films, using primarily natural light and highlighting the beauty of the food, working both in-studio and on-location to create high-impact visuals for advertising, publishing and editorial clients. See more of her work at

Joanne Hammond is an archaeologist and anthropologist in BC, where she lives and works in the unceded territories of the Secwepemc, Syilx and Nlaka’pamux nations. She serves on the Kamloops Heritage Commission and is a program advisor with Simon Fraser University's graduate professional program in heritage management. Joanne is active in outreach with schools, museums, community groups, professional organizations and governments to educate learners of all ages about Indigenous archaeological heritage and the history of Indigenous peoples and the Canadian state. She believes that we can craft socially responsible and morally defensible approaches to heritage research and interpretation that can produce outstanding human stories. Joanne’s on the web at and on Twitter @KamloopsArchaeo.

Trevor Jang is a writer based in Vancouver. His investigative journalism focused on Indigenous issues and communities has appeared in Discourse Media, B.C. Business magazine, CBC Indigenous, Reveal from the Centre for Investigative Reporting and the National Observer. Trevor was a recipient of the 2016 CBC Indigenous Fellowship through the Canadian Journalism Foundation and a chosen participant of the 2017 Literary Journalism Residency at the Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity. He is a mix of Chinese-Canadian and Wet'suwet'en Nation descent. See more of his work at

Paul Colangelo established himself as a documentary photographer focused on environmental issues and wildlife while living in Vancouver, BC. Through his long-term project, Our Home and Native Land, Paul dedicated himself to shedding light on the seismic shift of core national values in Canada regarding resource development. This body of work explores the country's wildlife and cultural hotspots, revealing what is at risk and reminding us why they were once a celebrated part of the national identity. His work in the Sacred Headwaters helped lead to its protection in 2012. Paul is a National Geographic grantee and a fellow of the International League of Conservation Photographers. His archive is represented by National Geographic Creative. Today, Paul lives in Toronto with his wife and three daughters. More of his work can be viewed at

When asked, Christine Bruce—who currently lives and works in Witset (formerly Moricetown)—describes herself as the "village cheerleader." Witset has a long history of colonization and trauma, but the members are working hard to find their past while plugging into the future. Inspired, Christine tells their stories through a celebratory lens. As the Communications Coordinator, her role entails sharing Witsuwit’en news and events through a wide range of media including a monthly newsletter, all social media outlets, a Flickr page, a blog, and until recently, a weekly spoken word broadcast on CICK 93.9 FM. This year, she’s registered for a Community Economic Development course at Simon Fraser University, where she hopes to improve her skills as a cheerleader and a storyteller.

Tyler McCreary is an assistant professor in the Department of Geography at Florida State University. His research focuses on how Indigenous-settler negotiations shape the governance of northern resources, labour markets, and communities.

Keli Watson has been studying and working as an applied archaeologist for over 20 years. Keli completed her BA in Archaeology of the Near East at Wilfrid Laurier University and her MA in interdisciplinary studies at the University of Northern British Columbia, where she combined anthropology with First Nations studies to apply practisable methods of involving First Nations rights and traditions with the practices of field archaeology and artifact analysis. Keli has had an exciting career in cultural resource management where she has worked as a lab manager, field director, project director and senior archaeologist on a variety of projects throughout Ontario and British Columbia.

Jezelle Zatorski has been a practising Indigenous archaeologist for 20 years in both British Columbia and Alberta. Jezelle studied at the University of Northern British Columbia and completed her BA in archaeology at the University of Calgary. Starting her career as a Dakelh First Nation assistant representing Lheidli T’enneh First Nation, Jezelle has continued on the path of engaging local Indigenous groups as a traditional knowledge facilitator and socioeconomic advisor in Indigenous community relations, and working on traditional land and resource use studies, traditional ecological knowledge studies and environmental impact assessments across Canada.